Why do u need scaling / ultrasonic cleaning?
The saliva, bacteria, and proteins are normally present in your mouth. They form a thin layer around the teeth almost all the time. When you eat, tiny food particles, acids, and sugars from the food stick to this layer creating a buildup on the teeth known as plaque. The bacteria that grow on this plaque can cause gum disease and tooth decay.
Even though Brushing, flossing, and regular oral hygiene maintenance will help you prevent teeth decay and gum disease you will require professional ultrasonic scaling will help remove the plaque and prevent more serious problems.
What actually happens?
Scaling is done to remove plaque bacteria from the surface of the tooth just below the gumline.
The two methods of doing scaling:
Using a handheld metal instrument – plaque is scraped from the tooth using a metal tool known as a dental scaler or a curette. The instrument is thin enough to go past your gum line to access plaque your toothbrush can’t reach.
Ultrasonic instrument method– a vibrating metal tip combined with a cool water spray. The tip chips tartar away, water spray flushed the inner surface of the gum line.
Dental scaling is followed by a procedure known as root planing.
What is root planning?
Gums cover a portion of the tooth: Roots. Roots are embedded within the jaw. The bacteria in plaque and calculus combined with poor oral hygiene maintenance may lead to loss of bone around the teeth. This automatically reflects gum disease in the oral cavity.
Root planing reaches deeper to access the surface of the tooth’s root.
This is done in the same manner as scaling but with local anesthesia.
Root planing smooths the surface of the root because of the loss of plaque and tartar, reduces the bacterial count, and aids in reattaching the gums firmly against the tooth.
What to expect after scaling and root planning?
Soreness or slight bleeding for 1-2 days
Mild sensitivity of teeth. All these symptoms usually subside within 1-2 days