Flap Surgery

What is Flap Surgery?

Gingival flap surgery is a procedure in which the gums are separated from the
teeth and folded back temporarily to allow a dentist to reach the root of the tooth and the bone.

When is it required?

For severe gum diseases that cannot be cured with scaling and root planing.

Flap surgery is one of the best methods to treat and repair periodontal pockets.

What are gum “pockets?”

It is an uncleanable space below the gum line where the gum tissues have detached from the teeth. This area accumulates more plaque where bacteria can grow and proliferate.

These bacteria cause

Tissue damage that leads to Severe sensitivity,
Bleeding from gums,
pus formation

What happens if it is left untreated?

Loss of teeth
Severe gum disease
Pathway to develop general health conditions like diabetes and high BP
Bone related conditions

How is flap surgery done?

Conventional method
Laser surgery ( LANAP)

Conventional Method

In traditional flap surgery, the dentist cuts into and peels back the gum tissue with a scalpel to accesses the roots of the teeth for cleaning, bone reshaping, and cutting diseased gum tissue. Stitches are used to secure gums back in place. As a result, conventional flap surgery is more painful and requires a longer recovery time.

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